We propose the ETH-XGaze dataset: a large scale (over 1 million samples) gaze estimation dataset with high-resolution images under extreme head poses and gaze directions.


Gaze estimation is a fundamental task in many applications of computer vision, human computer interaction and robotics. Many state-of-the-art methods are trained and tested on custom datasets, making comparison across methods challenging. Furthermore, existing gaze estimation datasets have limited head pose and gaze variations, and the evaluations are conducted using different protocols and metrics. In this paper, we propose a new gaze estimation dataset called ETH-XGaze, consisting of over one million high-resolution images of varying gaze under extreme head poses. We collect this dataset from 110 participants with a custom hardware setup including 18 digital SLR cameras and adjustable illumination conditions, and a calibrated system to record ground truth gaze targets. We show that our dataset can significantly improve the robustness of gaze estimation methods across different head poses and gaze angles. Additionally, we define a standardized experimental protocol and evaluation metric on ETH-XGaze, to better unify gaze estimation research going forward.

Preview Video

Data Collection Demonstration


We thank the participants of our dataset for their contributions, our reviewers for helping us improve the paper, and Jan Wezel for helping with the hardware setup. This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme grant agreement No. StG-2016-717054.


This Dataset is under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license with additional conditions and terms. Please refer to the completed license file.


Published at

European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), 2020

Accepted as Spotlight Presentation

Project Links


@inproceedings{Zhang2020ETHXGaze, author = {Xucong Zhang and Seonwook Park and Thabo Beeler and Derek Bradley and Siyu Tang and Otmar Hilliges}, title = {ETH-XGaze: A Large Scale Dataset for Gaze Estimation under Extreme Head Pose and Gaze Variation}, year = {2020}, booktitle = {European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV)} }